There are few public facilities that must exist in every settlement or residential area to ensure that people within the community live optimally. Social infrastructure and amenities thus must be provided in every settlement if it must be sustained. Humans by instinct are drawn to areas where their basic necessities of life a can be met. If a residential area does not contain some essential amenities, sooner or later the settlement will get deserted unless something is done to improve the living condition of people within the locality.
Essential Public Facilities
The Need Of Public Facilities
For a settlement to flourish and grow it ought to have the following public facilities that help to improve the standard of living of people within the community. Every settlement requires public facilities that will boost the people’s way of life and sense of being including their health status like at westwood residences. Although good structure is essential in any settlement, it needs to be supported with these basic infrastructures and public facilities:
· Provision of school and educational facilities
· Provision of access road and public transport
· Provision of electricity
· Provision of access to water like pipe borne water
· Hospital and social centers like market or shopping center and recreational park facilities.
Inadequate provision of these public facilities results to a challenge in living standards.
Provision Of School And Educational Facilities
For any residential area to function optimally and grow, there need to be schools where children within the locality would be enrolled into. The schools also ought to be of an excellent standard to encourage parents with children of school age to live within the settlement.
Provision Of Good Access Road And Public Transport Facilities
To promote the life of people within a particular community; they need access roads or a good network of roads that connects to various public services offices and neighboring communities. This ensures that individuals within the settlement can navigate between places to cater for their day to day needs with much ease.
Provision Of Power
For business and industries to be established in an area and function optimally, there must be adequate power supply both for household use and for office use and use by manufacturing industries, hospitals, and businesses. Without an adequate power supply, these amenities would be lacking in their efficiency.
Provision Of Water Facilities
Every settlement needs adequate water facilities. Water is a basic necessity of life. People need water both for drinking, for household use and use in other public amenities. An adequate supply of water also helps to keep the residential community in good sanitary condition which in turn minimizes the possibilities for the outbreak of diseases.
Hospital And Social Centers
Every community also requires having hospital or clinics where the members of the community can easily get to in the event they become unwell and need medical attention. There is also a need for markets and shopping complex to be situated in every location. Easy-to-reach market or shopping center helps the occupants of the settlements to purchase foods and household equipment easily.
There also ought to be a recreational facility to cater for the social life of people living in the settlement. Although, other facilities are required in a settlement, we have provided these five as the most fundamental and essential ones.